The medical records of these patients were reviewed and analysed to determine the clinical characteristics and treatment of facial bone fractures. This is a retrospective study of 2, patients with facial bone fractures from various accidents that were treated at the Inha University Hospital from to Males were more common than females 3. The most common aetiology was violent assault or nonviolent traumatic injury The most common isolated fracture site was the nasal bone Closed reduction was performed in
Facial and Mandibular Fractures
The Facial Bones
Facial fractures are fractures broken bones of the face and mouth. They commonly include fractures of the nose nasal , cheekbones zygoma , surrounds to the eyes orbit and upper maxilla and lower mandible jaws. If you have a facial fracture, the oral and maxillofacial team will usually want to check that you don't have other fractures of or injuries to the head or neck and if you have been knocked unconscious. Most facial fractures are acute sudden and caused by assaults eg fighting , sports eg horse riding, football and rugby and accidents eg road traffic or falls.
The bones of the skull and face collectively make up the most complex area of skeletal real estate in the body. Analysis of the fractured face requires a knowledge of not only normal anatomy, but also of common fracture patterns in the face. Although they represent serious injuries, the workup and treatment of facial fractures is often properly delayed until more pressing problems have been addressed, such as the establishment of an adequate airway, hemodynamic stabilization, and the evaluation and treatment of other more serious injuries of the head, chest and skeleton.
In addition a survey was carried out of the other general hospitals in Greater Montreal in order to obtain admission figures for facial-bone fractures and for total hospital cases. In the study group the common causes of face-bone fractures were found to be fights, traffic accidents, falls, and athletic pursuits. Very few of these injuries occurred in industrial settings. A distinctly vulnerable group is made up of males between ages 16 and 35 years. In order of frequency of occurrence these injuries involve the nose, lower jaw, cheekbone, upper jaw, and zygomatic arch.